Dramatic Convention

Othello

The Crucible

Dr. Faustus

The Cherry Orchard

 

Shakespeare

Arthur Miller

Christopher Marlowe

Anton Chekhov

Opening Scene

   Effect on audience

     Creates a mood or tension

     Provokes a sense of intrigue and captures the audience’s attention

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opening Scene

   Purpose for the play as a whole

Exposition – situation, background info, details needed for understanding

Setting or background against which the play is set

Introduces characters, situations, relationships

 

 

 

 

Presentation of Character

  Methods

Stage directions – detail and specificity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Presentation of Character

  Methods

How characters speak

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Presentation of Character

  Methods

How characters are described by others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Dramatic Convention

Othello

The Crucible

Dr. Faustus

The Cherry Orchard

Presentation of Character

  Methods

What characters say & do

 

 

 

 

 

 

Presentation of Character

  Methods

How other characters respond to and interact with them

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type of Characters

  Fully developed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type of Characters

  Stock or stereotypical characters

 

 

 

 

 

 

Method of revealing characters’ thoughts

    Asides (short –often single sentences or single words- used to convey small pieces of information concerning plot or character)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Method of revealing characters’ thoughts

    Soliloquies (conveys information and inner emotions.  Characters tell audience directly about themselves – what’s on their minds, why they are acting as they do, what they intend to do.)

 

 

 

 


 

Dramatic Convention

Othello

The Crucible

Dr. Faustus

The Cherry Orchard

When soliloquies are used

  Special moments

  When a character is undergoing emotionally or psychologically heightened experience.

 

 

 

 

 

Issues & Themes

  Through characters

    Characters can hold views counter to the message that the play as a whole conveys

    Shows shortcomings & problems of actions or philosophies

 

 

 

 

Issues & Themes

  Through action centered on human relations and conflicts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Development of Themes

Characters experience personal difficulties or inner/mental turmoil

 

 

 

 

 

 

Development of Themes

Family, society, or coutry is affected by turmoil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Development of Themes

Nature or the universe may be disordered or supernatural events may be witnessed

 

 

 

 

 

Development of Themes

Powerful images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dramatic Convention

Othello

The Crucible

Dr. Faustus

The Cherry Orchard

Plot & Structure

Exposition   opening of the play introduction of main characters and background information

 

 

 

 

 

Plot & Structure

Dramatic Incitement   incident which provided the starting point for the main action of the play & causes some type of conflict to arise

 

 

 

 

Plot & Structure

Complication   the main action of the play – the characters respond to the dramatic incitement & developments that stem from it 

 

 

 

 

Plot & Structure

Crisis or climax   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plot & Structure

Resolution   final section of the play where things are worked out, conflicts are resolved and some kind of conclusion is reached

 

 

 

 

Structure

  Dynamic Structure – play is a sequence of events which build up in a cause and effect fashion to create the plot and drive the play forward

 

 

 

 

Structure

  Symmetric Structure  various parallels and cross-references or repetitions of image, symbol, language, etc. create a network of threads running through the play

 

 

 

 


 

Dramatic Convention

Othello

The Crucible

Dr. Faustus

The Cherry Orchard

Language in plays

Creating the setting and atmosphere of the play

 

 

 

 

Language in plays

Imagery linked to central themes

Othello’s jealousy increasingly is expressed in unpleasant animal imagery

 

 

 

Verse

High characters

 

Main plot

 

Solemn & dignified tone

 

 

 

 

Prose

Low characters

 

Sub-plots

 

Comedy

 

 

 

 

Switches between verse and prose  -  reason for switch in four examples

 

 

 

 


 

Dramatic Convention

Othello

The Crucible

Dr. Faustus

The Cherry Orchard

Visual Action –

Examples & significance

 

 

 

 

Staging

Elements that make the play work on stage

 

 

 

 

Spectacle

What is remembered

 

 

 

 

Physical Elements (scenery, props)

Impact on meaning

 

 

 

 

Setting

Place

Time

Occupations & daily life

General environment (culture, religious, etc.)

 

 

 

 

Symbols & their effects

 

 

 

 


 

Dramatic Convention

Othello

The Crucible

Dr. Faustus

The Cherry Orchard

Comedy & tragedy

Mixing of the elements of seriousness & light-heartedness

 

 

 

 

Social or Political Purposes

 

 

 

 

Pace and rhythm of the play

Overall pace

Variations in pace

  Attract or heighten interest

 

 

 

 

Dramatic tension

Concealment

Revelation